ICHAJ 14, FLORENCE 2019
Piero Gilento, PI of ACTECH Project, together with Pierre-Marie Blanc will present the 2017-2018 fieldwork results of the on-going project at Umm as-Surab at ICHAJ 2019 that will be held in Florence from Jantnuary 21st to 25th http://ichaj.org.10-0-0-4.mint.imagine.com.jo/
The title of the contribution is: Umm as-Surab: Archaeology and Architecture in a Northern Jordanian Village. Data from the 2017 and 2018 Fieldwork Seasons.
The paper will be presented on January 22nd (11:50-12:10) during the morning session
“History and Archaeology of Jordan – MIDDLE AGES AND OTTOMAN PERIOD 2” at the University of Florence, via Capponi 9, Room 16.
Here the link to the full program:http://ichaj.org.10-0-0-4.mint.imagine.com.jo/Documents/PROGRAM%20v.6%202019-1-18b.pdf
This paper aims to illustrate the results of the archaeological research carried out in the village of Umm as-Surab, Mafraq governorate, during the 2017 and 2018 fieldwork seasons. The study of Umm as-Surab is part of the wider Jordan Hawrān Archaeological Survey (JHAS) project, which aims to outline the historical evolution dynamics of rural settlements in northern Jordan between the late Roman and early Islamic periods. The methodology employed applies the principles of archaeological stratigraphy to the study of architecture, i.e. Building Archeology, in conjunction with the analysis of construction techniques and related technological processes. This research methodology for ancient architecture has generated new data that have been expanded and enriched with other information from surface survey, archaeological soundings and mortar analysis.
On the one hand, the study of building techniques, combined with archaeometric analysis of the mortar samples taken according to stratigraphic sequences, has allowed us to develop a more precise chronology of some architectural complexes, providing sufficient data for new reflections on the transition period between Late Antiquity and the Islamic era. On the other hand, the surface survey, carried out in the village and its surroundings, has increased the data on the occupational phases which are currently less visible in the extant architectural remains. The synthesis and interpretation of all this information creates a complex picture of the evolution of a village in the basaltic area, significantly improving our knowledge of the history of Hawrān. Finally, an updated chrono-typology of the construction techniques is presented.